Mental well-being and tele-psychology – The News International

The omicron variant of the corona virus forced many countries and regions to order lockdowns to curb the spread of the disease. There is a wider realisation now, however, that lockdowns have a significant impact on the psychological well being of people.

The Covid-19 pandemic has had substantial psychological impact on the people globally. Research on the psychological well-being of the most exposed groups – including children, college students and health workers – has shown that they are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression and distress. Social distancing and protective measures have affected relationships among people and their perception of empathy.

A pandemic causes a prolonged exposure to stress and the inability to manage traumatic and negative emotions. As a consequence there is an increased interest in measuring social and community uneasiness.

The protective measures adopted in managing the pandemic have had varied consequences on individuals. Some segments of the population are more vulnerable to anxiety, depression and post-traumatic ailments because they are more prone to psychological vulnerability.

Constant fear affects daily life and leads to social isolation, modifying human relations. To varying degrees, some elements related to the pandemic affect the entire population. These include separation from loved ones, loss of certain freedoms, uncertainty about the advancement of the disease and a feeling of helplessness. A careful evaluation of the potential benefits of quarantine/ lockdowns is needed therefore on account of the high psychological costs.

Healthcare workers are a segment of the population particularly affected by stress. They are at risk to develop symptoms common in catastrophic situations. These include post-traumatic stress disorder, burnout syndrome, physical and emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and dissociation.

A study on mental health and its association with perceived social support during the pandemic in Pakistan found that among medical graduates belonging to Islamabad 38.8 percent suffered from depression, anxiety and stress. Doctors with high social support were less depressed, stressed and showed less anxiety than those who had low social support.

Tele-psychology and technological devices have important roles in decreasing the negative effects of the pandemic. These tools could improve the treatment of some patients.

To mitigate the anxiety and depression symptoms widespread among the population, the Ministry of Planning, Development, and Special Initiatives launched the Mental Health …….


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