Long-term memory consists of memories that the brain has stored over an extended period of time. These memories can be from an hour ago or from decades earlier.
People with long-term memory loss have difficulty remembering important facts, events, people, or skills.
Although aging can affect long-term memory, numerous health conditions can also cause a person to experience memory loss.
Keep reading to learn more about what long-term memory is, some conditions that may cause long-term memory loss, and some ways that people can improve their long-term memory.
Long-term memory refers to the memory process in the brain that takes information from the short-term memory store and creates long lasting memories. These memories can be from an hour ago or several decades ago.
Long-term memory can hold an unlimited amount of information for an indefinite period of time. Short-term memories become long-term memories in a region of the brain called the hippocampus. Another part of the brain called the cortex stores these long-term memories.
There are two types of long-term memory: procedural and declarative.
Procedural long-term memories are information related to activities learned through practice and repetition, such as driving a car.
Declarative long-term memories are information about facts, rules, events, definitions, and experiences that someone can recall when necessary.
Learn more about types of memory here.
Long-term memory loss occurs when someone starts forgetting or being unable to recall things that they should know or things that they knew previously.
Some common symptoms of long-term memory loss include:
- forgetting important dates, rules, or facts
- forgetting how to do important activities, such as how to drive, ride a bike, or use a computer
- forgetting people’s names, what they look like, or who they are
- forgetting the names of common objects or substituting the wrong words, such as calling a cell phone a book or a table a chair
- filling in gaps in memory with false information
- getting lost in places that one is familiar with
Many people become a little more forgetful as they age, and this can be <hl-trusted-source source="Natioanl Institute on Aging" …….